Cyber crimes are one of the fastest-growing criminal activities in the world. It ranges from financial scams, computer hacking, pornography, virus attacks, and stalking, among others. It is defined as the use of any computer network for crime. Here’s a list of several cyber crimes and their basic definitions:
1. Hacking– refers to activities of computer geniuses who challenge the IT systems of governments and big corporations by hacking them. The “love-bug” virus for example crippled at least 45 million computers worldwide, and caused billions of dollars in damage.
2. Fraud and Extortion– some hackers break into the computer systems of banks or businesses to steal money or credit card information. There are also scams by cyber-criminals wherein they set up fake companies on the Internet and tempt unsuspecting buyers with low prices. Once credit card details are supplied, the site suddenly disappears.
Online auction sites also provide opportunities for fraud since money can just be pocketed without the goods being delivered. As long as the website is credible-looking, there is no way of checking if the site owner is legitimate.
3. Identity Theft– criminals check public databases or social networking sites for information such as date of birth, social security number and addresses. They then use these data to apply for credit cards.
4. Pornography– the availability of pornography on the Internet is mind-boggling. Pedophiles use the Internet to exchange pornographic images of children, and there are hundreds of thousands of obscene images on the Web. Be careful not to mistakenly access these sites especially that web browsing histories can be viewed.
5. Piracy– be it gaming, music, movie, or software piracy, it all means a loss of potential revenue to certain companies/individuals. There are a lot of websites where movies or albums can be downloaded, which in turn are burned into CD-ROMs to be sold. The MP3 format has also made it easier to distribute music files over the Internet.
6. Gambling– virtual casinos operate in cyber space, and they are oftentimes based in countries that do not regulate them.
7. Cyber-stalking– unwanted e-mail from a persistent sender can amount to harassment, and it gets difficult to catch the culprit if he or she manages to conceal his or her identity. Stalkers often try their best to obtain personal information about their victims online.
Here are some additional reading on cyber stalking:
- Is cyberstalking illegal? What about cyberharassment?
- What can you do to avoid becoming a victim of cyberstalking/harassment?
- What is a quick list of safety tips to avoid cyberstalking/harassment?
8. Hate Sites- there are websites run by extremists to promote racial or religious hatred. Sometimes, even just publishing someone’s name and address on the Internet can constitute to a threat in their safety.
“Cybercrime.” Retrieved October 20, 2010 from
“Cyberstalking and harassment FAQ.” Retrieved October 20, 2010 from
“How to report cyberabuse using our tiplines.” Retrieved October 20, 2010 from
All systems go for January 29 DepEd’s Early Registration
The Department of Education has set January 29, 2011 as early registration day in public schools to ensure that all school-aged children are enrolled for school year 2011-2012 and achieve universal participation in basic education.
Based on Department Order No.2, the early registration targets all five year olds to be enrolled in kindergarten and all six year-olds in Grade 1. Early registration is also mandated in public secondary schools to guarantee the enrolment of incoming first year students in their preferred high school.
“Early registration is in line with our efforts to ensure that DepEd remains on track in meeting our MDG targets and Education For All (EFA) commitment as the 2015 deadline comes closer. We are doing every possible means to uphold this commitment of reaching all children of school age,” said Education Secretary Armin Luistro.
Carrying the theme “Makapag-aral ay Karapatan Mo, Magpalista Ngayong Enero,” the pre-registration will allow the department to determine the interventions needed to ensure that the EFA commitment is met.
Luistro added that DepEd will work closely with local government units, barangay officials, parents, civic organizations, business sector and other education stakeholders to make the necessary preparations and address potential needs when classes open in June.
“With early registration, the department will also have enough time to come up with education interventions and prevent students from dropping out of school,” the order stated.
According to Luistro, one of their tasks is to convince parents help DepEd in bringing their children to schools, keep them there and finish basic education.
In previous years, DepEd conducted early enrollment activity in secondary level in line with its Drop-Out Reduction Program (DORP). But this is the first time that the department goes full throttle in the ground mapping of school-aged children for early registration in all three levels – Kindergarten, elementary, and secondary.
“The early registration has a special emphasis on Kindergarten because we want to ensure that every child gets all the support needed to create a head start in education. We should make our young children’s first school experience enjoyable so that this positive experience will motivate them to remain in school and complete their education,” noted Luistro.
The department will conduct a massive advocacy campaign to encourage parents and the entire community to support the ground mapping of all school- age children all over the country. OSEC COMMUNICATIONS DEPED COMPLEX, MERALCO AVENUE, PASIG CITY 1600 T (02) 6316033 F (02) 6364876 WEBSITE http://www.deped.gov.ph EMAIL firstname.lastname@example.org
Part of the campaign includes Child or Youth Find Activities from January 10 to 28 which shall be initiated at the division and school levels in collaboration with the barangay. In finding child and youth enrollees, DepEd, together with barangay officials will have to do home visits and refer to previous data on family mapping as their guide to ascertain the number of enrollees in every household.
Likewise, street visits shall be conducted by designated education supervisors of the Division Offices to get the profile of the five- and six-year old street children and prospective first year high school students who should be in school in June 2011.
Children from indigenous cultural communities and the Special Education (SPED) centers that cater to children with disabilities shall also be mobilized to ensure early registration of the targeted enrollees.
High school principals and staff shall work with Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan chairs to locate elementary graduates who have not enrolled in high school or those who dropped out from first year high school and make sure they register early so that appropriate program interventions could be planned.